Archive

Author Archive

Paddy Healy: Physicist and Academic

ACADEMIC  RECORD

Lecturer And Researcher in Physics (Acoustics) (1966-2010) at DIT Kevin St (Now Retired)

Academic Research Interest: Musical Instrument Acoustics

Author “Resonant Vibrations of The Irish Folk Harp”-MSc Major Thesis (Dublin University-Trinity College)

https://arrow.dit.ie/scschphyot/7/

Recommended Citation

Healy, P. (1993). Resonant vibrations of the Irish Folk Harp. Masters Thesis. University of Dublin.

doi :10.21427/7w5y-hq38

DOI

https://doi.org/10.21427/7w5y-hq38

————————————–

Joint Research Supervisor with Prof Ita Hogan-Beausang, Conservatory of Music and Drama, DIT, of

“Microtonal Systems and Guitar Composition”  M Phil Research Thesis of Mike Neilsen, Professional Guitarist, DIT Conservatory of Music and Drama

https://arrow.dit.ie/scienmas/27/

https://arrow.dit.ie/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1022&context=scienmas

https://doi.org/10.21427/D7D032

Dr Mike Neilsen continued the study above to PhD level and now lectures in guitar at Conservatory of Music and Drama, Tecnological University of Dublin (formerly DIT)

Paddy Healy is Former member of Governing Body and of Academic Council DIT (Now Technological University of Dublin).

He has been a member of the Council of Convocation of the National University of Ireland.

He has served for a number of years on The Higher Education and Research Sub-Committee of Education International, the international representative body for teachers and lecturers.

He has represented  TUI on the European Trade Union Committee for Education (ETUCE).

Paddy Healy was a member of the international Trade Union Advisory Committee to the OECD (TUAC) on education matters for 6 years.

He is  Convenor of The Campaign for Academic Freedom which is defending academic freedom  in Universities and Institutes of Technology against attempts to restrict or control free expression of opinion and free choice of scholarship, including research area, by academics. Rampant managerialism and commodification of learning have posed a threat to this crucial democratic principle. He organised and chaired the Gathering for Academic Freedom which took place in the Gresham Hotel on January 22, 2010. The Gathering was attended by 200 academics from virtually all third level institutions in the state.

Education

paddy.healy@eircom.net      086-4183732

Born in Clonmel Co Tipperary  1945,

Attended Presentation Convent Primary School (Junior and Senior Infants)

Attended St Peter and Paul’s CBS Primary School

Won County Council Scholarship to Secondary School

Attended  Clonmel CBS HIgh  School

Won County Council Scholarship to University on leaving Certificate performance

Attended University College Dublin 1962-1966

(Advised Students for Democratic Action 1967)

Graduated in Physics From UCD 1966 ,

Lectured in Physics(acoustics) DIT until retirement in 2010

Married to Dr Anne O’Donnell (Teacher and Lecturer in Mathematics and Computing), ; Originally from Clogher, Barnesmore, Donegal Town

Tá suim mhór ag Paddy i dteanga agus i litríocht na Gaeilge- morán ama caite aige sa Rinn, i  gChúl Aodha, agus lena bhean Áine i nGleann Cholm Chille is ar Oileán Thoraí i gCondae Dún na NGall

Categories: Uncategorized

INEQUALITY OF WEALTH IS GROWING IN Ireland and Worldwide

Worldwide the poor (that’s 90% of us) are getting poorer and the super-rich (0.1%) who rule the world are getting very much richer

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Global wealth: 1% own 48%; 10% own 87% and bottom 50% own less than 1%

https://wp.me/pKzXa-1kO

90% are now not earning enough to save anything at all, especially to buy property and so build up wealth.  The poor (that’s 90% of us) are getting poorer and the super-rich (0.1%) who rule the world are getting very much richer.

 Michael Roberts   Marxist Economist

This time last year, I outlined the results of the Global Wealth report published by Credit Suisse Bank (see my post, https://thenextrecession.wordpress.com/2013/10/10/global-wealth-inequality-10-own-86-1-own-41-half-own-just-1/).  Compiled by Tony Shorrocks and Jim Davies, formerly at the UN, the report last year showed that the top 1% owned 41% of all the personal wealth in the world; the top 10% owned 86% and the bottom 50% of owned less than 1% of all the wealth.  This staggering level of inequality certainly attracted interest and my post on this was the most popularly viewed one on my blog ever.

Now Credit Suisse have published its 2014 report (cs_global_wealth_report_2014_vF) compiled by the same academics.  According to the latest calculations, global wealth inequality has got even worse.  Taken together, the bottom half of the global population still own less than 1% of total wealth.  And the richest 10% still own more or less the same, now 87%.  But the top 1% now own 48% of all global personal wealth!  If you like a soundbite: the top 1% of adults in the world own nearly half of all personal wealth.  There seems to be no stopping the growing inequality of wealth in the world.

The latest analysis comprises the wealth holdings of 4.7 billion adults across more than 200 countries – from billionaires in the top echelon to the middle and bottom sections of the wealth pyramid, which other studies often overlook.  It really is the most comprehensive and revealing account of global personal wealth.

The funny thing is that it does not take all that much wealth to get into the top 1% or top 10%,  Once debts have been subtracted, a person needs only $3,650 to be among the wealthiest half of the world’s citizens. However, about $77,000 is required to be a member of the top 10% of global wealth holders and $798,000 to belong to the top 1%.  So if you own a home in London (average value now $750,000) on your own and without a mortgage, you are part of the top 1% and many people can claim to have $77,000 worth of property after the mortgage in the US and Europe.  Do you feel rich if you do?  This just shows how poor the vast majority of people in the world are: with no property, no cash and certainly no stocks and bonds!

Global household wealth has now reached $263 trillion, or about four times the annual product of the world’s working population.  The average wealth per adult is now $56,000, a jump of $3,450, or the biggest annual increase since the global financial crisis.  Global wealth now stands 20% above its pre-crisis peak and 39% above its 2008 low.  On a regional basis, North America and Europe led the gains with increases of about 11%. In contrast, aggregate wealth in Latin America was largely unchanged, whereas Asia-Pacific (including China and India) recorded a small rise of around 3%. Excluding Japan, the region recorded a gain of about 4%, with Chinese wealth rising by 3.5% and Indian wealth falling  1%.

The number of dollar millionaires has increased significantly since 2000, rising by 164% over the period, to 34.8 million. The US has 41% of all global millionaires.  According to the report, the number of global millionaires could exceed 53 million in 2019, a rise of more than 18 million. China could see its number nearly doubling by 2019, to 2.3 million adults. Brazil and Mexico will underpin the number of millionaires in Latin America, which could reach 921,000 in five years.

What is also valuable in this year’s report is a measure of median wealth (the 50% point in wealth distribution) as well as mean average wealth.  Global median wealth has been falling every year since 2010, while mean wealth has been rising. The poor are getting poorer and rich are getting richer.  And the top 1% are getting further away from the top 10%.

The report also shows that wealth inequality is much higher than income inequality and this is a worldwide phenomenon. This is important because there is always much talk about income inequality and this being due to people having better education and skills etc.  But it is wealth that really matters and that is down more to inheritance and luck rather than skill, something the report discusses.

The report finds that inequality in both wealth and income trended downward globally from the late 1920s to the 1970s and then started rising.   This U-shape in the 20th century confirms the findings of Thomas Piketty in his now famous book on inequality, Capital in the 21st century (see my post
https://thenextrecession.wordpress.com/2014/04/15/thomas-piketty-and-the-search-for-r/).

That brings me to a brand new study by Emmanuel Saez and Gabriel Zucman, close colleagues of Piketty, on the wealth inequality in the US since 1913 (SaezZucman2014Slides).  The study combines income tax returns with Flow of Funds data to estimate the distribution of household wealth.  Again they confirm the Credit Suisse study and Pilketty’s work (which uses the same data) that wealth concentration has followed a U-shaped evolution over the last 100 years: it was high in the beginning of the 20th century, fell from 1929 to 1978 and has continuously increased since then.

Saez and Zucman make the point that the rise of wealth inequality is almost entirely due to the rise of the top 0.1% wealth (the uber-rich) share, from 7% in 1979 to 22% in 2012, a level almost as high as in 1929. The bottom 90% wealth share increased up to the mid-1980s and then steadily declined (see graph below).

 

And the main reason that happened is that the 90% are now not earning enough to save anything at all, especially to buy property and so build up wealth.  The poor (that’s 90% of us) are getting poorer and the super-rich (0.1%) who rule the world are getting very much richer.

  1. I’ll be meeting Tony Shorrocks, one of the authors of the Credit Suisse report, in a week or so; if you have any questions for him, let me know.

 

Categories: Uncategorized

Restore Pay, Allowances,Conditions and Pensions of the Defence Forces

Dáil Motion to Restore Defence Forces Pay and Allowances  June 13,2019 https://wp.me/pKzXa-1kf

Those TDs who Voted With Fine Gael in Dáil against Motion for Restoration of Defence Forces Pay and Allowances:

Minister  Shane Ross Independent Alliance, Dublin Rathdown; Minister Sean Canney, Ind Galway, Minister Katherine Zappone, Ind  Dublin South West

 

Those TDs who Did not formally Abstain but Went Missing and, therefore, did not vote for Restoration of Defence Forces Pay and Allowances:

Minister  John Halligan (Ind Alliance) Waterford; Minister “Boxer” Moran (Ind Alliance)  Longford Westmeath; Minister Finian Mcgrath, Dublin Artane; Michael Lowry Ind Co Tipperary; Michael  Harty Ind Co Clare;  Noel Grealish Ind Galway; Michael Healy-Rae Ind Co Kerry; Danny Healy-Rae  Ind Co Kerry.

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The Private Members Motion Proposed by Fianna Fáil and successfully amended by Sinn Féin was carried in the Dáil by a 2 to 1 majority of Deputies present and voting

The Dáil divided: Tá(Yes), 77; Níl(No), 38; Staon(Abstain), 0.

Despite the clearly expressed will of the Dáil the Government has made clear that it has no intention of implementing the motion.

It can do this because a private members motion is not a Law and is not binding on Government under Dáil rules. If the content of the motion were proposed in Bill, it would be ruled out of order because it impinges on government finances. This is done by the Ceann Chomhairle attaching “a money message” to the proposals. This would still be the case even if the Bill contained proposals to cover the increased state expenditure by new taxation. Opposition deputies and  parties cannot legislate in relation to government finances in any way even if the measure commands a majority in the Dáil.!! So much for Democracy.

The Political Context

But the present government does not have a Dáil majority. Hence, Fianna Fáil is in a position to force the government to implement the contents of the motion or to face defeat in the Dail on the budget (next October) and an immediate General Election thereafter. However the estimates for Government Departments, including Defence, are not specifically subjected to a Dáil vote until the Finance Bill is put to a vote in December next..

The probable next British prime minister says that by October 31,2019,  UK will either have agreed a Brexit Deal with EU or will leave without a deal. It would be very unwise to rely on such declarations as literally anything could happen in the UK in current circumstances.

However, it is well to bear this in mind as the reason given by Fianna Fáil for keeping the minority government in power is the danger of a “no deal” Brexit and the impact that this would have on the Irish economy.

Four by-elections must take place by February 2020 as a result of Dáil deputies being elected to the European Parliament unless there is a General Election before then.

Fine Gael did not win a majority of votes or seats in any of these 4 constituencies in the 2016 General Election.

Government expressions of intention to hold these by-elections should be treated with extreme caution

——————————————————————-Text of Motion

The following motion was moved by Deputy Jack Chambers on Wednesday, 12 June 2019:

That Dáil Éireann:

notes that:

— the approved strength of the Permanent Defence Forces (PDF) currently stands at 9,500;

— at the end of March 2019 there were 8,847 personnel, compared to 9,057 at the end of February 2018;

— 3,200 personnel left the PDF between 2014 and 2018, a figure which equates to 34.7 per cent of the average strength for those years, with 82 per cent of these being premature voluntary retirements;

— the turnover rate in the PDF now stands at 9 per cent overall, with a rate of 14 per cent in the Naval Service;

— there were 256 discharges in the first four months of 2019, by far the largest figure since the reorganisation of 2012; and

— in April 2019 alone, there were 86 discharges, a figure not previously matched in a single month;

further notes:

— the ongoing priority given, by Government, to costly recruitment policies;

— the absence of any retention policy for the Defence Forces;

— the underspend of €92.3 million from 2014 to 2018 in the Defence Estimate (Vote 36);

— the high turnover rate that is leading to the creation of a difficult and challenging training environment for remaining service personnel;

— that some personnel are double- and treble-jobbing in an effort to maintain operational output;

— that insufficient supervision and mentoring combined with poor trained manning levels is leading to unavoidable burnout;

— that there are serious concerns for governance, and the ability to manage risk and ensure the wellbeing of personnel; and

— that recent surveys have illustrated the mental health difficulties, increased stress and low morale being experienced by PDF personnel;

accepts that:

— the impact of operating with reduced numbers is already being felt across the Defence Forces;

— the Army is struggling to fulfil its assigned tasks, domestically and internationally;

— ships are unable to go to sea and aircraft are not flying as a result of personnel shortages;

— defence capability is being seriously undermined; and

— reduced governance increases operational and personnel risk; and

calls for:

— the restoration of military allowances to pre-Financial Emergency Measures in the Public Interest levels, especially in view of the underspend from 2014 to 2018, to include the service commitment scheme for Air Corps pilots and fixed-period promotion for Special Service Officers;

— the restoration of the supplementary pension for post 2013 entrants;

— a review of the PDF organisation to provide for a training and overseas establishment, bringing the PDF personnel numbers up to 10,500 across all ranks and formations/services;

— a permanent and independent Defence Forces pay body to be established;

— Defence Forces representative organisations to be able to take up associate membership of the Irish Congress of Trade Unions;

— greater military expertise in the Department of Defence, who have made some concerning and damaging decisions affecting the Defence Forces;

— the enhancement of the input and discretion of military management in decisions over current and capital spending;

— the implementation of the Working Time Directive, which the Government is currently not implementing properly;

— a clear and defined role for the Reserve Defence Forces, that would enable them to play a meaningful and worthwhile part in support to the PDF; and

— the undertaking of a comprehensive independent review (involving external and international expertise) of defence policy, the Defence Forces and the role of the Department of Defence.

Debate resumed on amendment No. 3:

To delete all words after “Dáil Éireann” and substitute the following:

“recognises:

— that the Irish people shares its great pride in our Defence Forces and the contribution made by the Permanent Defence Forces (PDF) and the Reserve Defence Forces (RDF);

— Ireland’s long and well respected history of participating in overseas missions under United Nations (UN) mandates and acknowledges that the Defence Forces have played a vital role as peacekeepers all over the world, in Europe, Africa and the Middle East in UN and UN-mandated peace support missions and, today, some 673 members of the PDF are serving overseas in various parts of the world;

— those members of the Defence Forces who have made the ultimate sacrifice in the service of the State, including those on overseas peacekeeping missions;

— the dedication and professionalism of the Defence Forces;

— the ongoing implementation of the Government’s White Paper on Defence; and

— the challenges that are faced in relation to recruitment and retention in the Defence Forces;

notes:

— that the Department of Defence has civil and military branches, consistent with its constitutional and statutory mandate;

— that the Secretary General heads the civil element while the Chief of Staff heads the military element of the Department of Defence;

— that both civil and military elements provide supports to the Minister for Defence, and that the Chief of Staff has direct and independent access to the Minister for the provision of military advice;

— that ultimately command and management of the Defence Forces is by the Minister for Defence, on behalf of the Government, ensuring appropriate oversight of defence and of the Defence Forces;

— the importance of the White Paper on Defence, which was prepared by joint civil and military steering and working groups, in providing a defence policy in keeping with Ireland’s defence requirements for the period to 2025 and comprehending a developmental and strategic approach to defence provision, including the ongoing modernisation of defence equipment;

— that the finalisation of the White Paper in June 2015 included, at the arrangement of the Minister for Defence, Dáil statements which provided members with an opportunity for final inputs and that, furthermore, there has been engagement with the relevant Oireachtas Joint Committee on any or all aspects of the White Paper as might be desired by Committee members;

— that a key feature of the White Paper is the provision for future-proofing of policy and capabilities through a new process of fixed cycle defence reviews with a Strategic Defence Review to commence in early 2021, while a White Paper Update commenced last year and is being overseen by a joint civil-military steering group;

— that the Government’s commitment to the Defence Forces capability is evidenced through a 2019 provision for gross expenditure of some €1,007 million, an increase of €60 million or 6.4 per cent over 2018, while the capital allocation has increased to €106 million, an increase of 38 per cent on the 2018 allocation;

— that a significant portion of the Defence budget is delegated to the Chief of Staff, to facilitate the exercise of his functions;

— that all major investment decisions are made via joint civil-military work and approved through a joint, co-chaired, civil-military forum and that this collaborative civil-military approach operates successfully within the Department of Defence;

— that this investment will see the replacement and upgrade of significant equipment platforms over the life-time of the White Paper, including an upgrade of the Army’s fleet of armoured personnel carriers (APCs), enhancement of the capabilities of the Army Ranger Wing, replacement of the Air Corps’ Cessna fleet, CASA Maritime Patrol Aircraft and the Naval Service’s flagship LÉ Eithne;

— that there is a sustained programme of investment in barracks infrastructure to improve accommodation and other facilities across the country;

— the range of actions in place for the development of Defence Forces human resources, training, education, family friendly and a range of other supports;

— the development of flexible and adaptive military capabilities as a pragmatic approach to dealing with future uncertainty and the roles assigned, and that capability commitments outlined in the White Paper include maintenance of a PDF establishment of at least 9,500 personnel;

— that specific shortages in specialist areas are being addressed and that work is underway aimed at addressing these particular challenges;

— the efforts to accelerate the rate of recruitment to the RDF within means and resources;

— that in relation to the Working Time Directive, legislation is currently being considered by the Department of Employment Affairs and Social Protection and civil-military work is underway to achieve a graduated solution which respects the unique operational requirements of a military force; and

— that membership of the Irish Congress of Trade Unions (ICTU) by Defence Forces representative associations, as recommended in a recent review of the Defence Forces C&A Scheme, is now under consideration, and that the discussion with ICTU is considering feasibility, taking account of the need to recognise the prohibition on the right to strike, the tasks that Government may require the Defence Forces to undertake, and the necessity that command and control arrangements and military discipline are un-impinged; and

further notes that:

— the focus of pay increases under the Public Service Stability Agreement 2018-2020 has been those on lower pay and that by the end of the current Agreement, the pay scales of all public servants (including members of the Defence Forces), earning under €70,000 per annum, will be restored to pre-Financial Emergency Measures in the Public Interest levels;

— public sector pay policy is determined centrally by the Minister for Public Expenditure and Reform, having regard to public sector pay agreements, and that independent sectoral pay determination bodies, such as one for the Defence Forces, is not consistent with this approach;

— public service pension provisions are laid down in statute and apply across the public service; and

— the Public Service Pay Commission has examined recruitment and retention issues in the defence sector and that its report will be considered by Government and form the basis of engagement with parties to the Public Service Stability Agreement 2018-2020.

– (Minister of State at the Department of Defence)

————————————————————Varadkar,  Fine Gael Minister for Defence And Taoiseach, Refuses Call for full Restoration of Pay, Allowances and Pensions of Defence Forces by Seamus Healy TD in Dáil at Leaders Questions

DEFENCE FORCE Personnel must be treated no less Favourably than Gardaí and Nurses—Healy

Full Debate https://wp.me/pKzXa-1kf

Deputy Seamus Healy (Independent Deputy, Chair of Workers and Unemployed Action, Co Tipperary)

The Taoiseach is the Minister for Defence and is responsible to the Dáil and the public for the state of the Defence Forces. During the recent local election campaign, the undermining of our Defence Forces  by government was one of the most frequently raised issues on the doorstep. It is clear that the policy being pursued by the Taoiseach and his Government, which that commenced with the so-called reorganisation of the Defence Forces and the closure of barracks in 2012, has led to a crisis in the service. There have been significant reductions in numbers, pay, allowances, pensions and conditions of service. There is low morale, anxiety, increased stress and mental health difficulties among serving personnel.

On 1 March this year under the Taoiseach’s watch, there were 210 fewer serving personnel than on 1 March last year. Some 3,200 personnel left the Defence Forces between 2014 and 2018. In the first four months of this year, there were 256 discharges. Staff shortages mean that ships are unable to go to sea and aircraft are unable to fly. This is a picture of a service that is not fit for purpose due to the deliberate policy of this Government.

Please do not tell us that we do not have the money to resource and pay our Defence Forces properly. Ireland is the eighth richest country in the world. We know that the top 10% of financial asset holders have €50 billion more than they had at peak boom levels in 2006, yet they are not asked to pay a single cent in tax on that windfall. We know that the top 10% of income recipients pay a smaller proportion of their incomes in tax than the lowest 10%. In today’s edition of the Irish Examiner, Social Justice Ireland confirmed that the poor in this country are subsidising the rich through tax reliefs.

I wish to take this opportunity to commend the community group, Respect and Loyalty, which is campaigning to raise awareness about the plight of our Defence Forces and is lobbying for the restoration of pay, allowances and pensions.

The Taoiseach is the Minister for Defence. In view of the crisis affecting the Defence Forces and the resulting national danger that he and his Government have allowed to develop, why has the matter of allowances not been addressed in line with allowances in other public sector bodies? Will the Taoiseach fully restore to pre-2008 levels the pay, allowances, conditions of service and pensions of serving and retired members of the Defence Forces immediately?

 

The Taoiseach and Minister for Defence

 

I thank the Deputy very much for raising this important issue. I confirm to the House that the Cabinet yesterday approved the deployment of the Army ranger wing to the UN mission in Mali. That will require a motion of the House, so I ask for the House’s support for that. It is the first time in nearly ten years that the rangers have been deployed in this way. It is something that the Defence Forces very much welcome. It is a big part of our peacekeeping efforts and our commitment to the UN, but it also will help them to maintain and develop their skills. I know it has been very much welcomed by the Defence Forces.

We are investing in our Defence Forces. The budget for defence this year is €50 million higher than last year. What does that mean? It means new vessels. Our fleet has never been as modern as it is now. It means new aircraft—–

Deputy Bobby Aylward (Fianna Fáil, Carlow-Kilkenny)

 

They have no personnel, though.

The Taoiseach

 

—–including fishery protection aircraft that are arriving this year.

Deputy Mattie McGrath(Rural Independent, Co Tipperary)

 

The personnel are all leaving.

The Taoiseach

 

It means improvement to our barracks. It means new equipment. It also means increased pay, pay restoration and increased pensions. It is not the case that money is handed back at the end of the year—–

Deputy Eamon Scanlon (Fianna Fáil, Sligo-Leitrim)

 

It is.

Deputy Bobby Aylward  (FF)

 

The Defence Forces need personnel if they are to work.

 

The Taoiseach and Minister for Defence

 

—–even though that has been claimed by some. Recruitment is going very well but retention is not. I absolutely acknowledge that a large number of people are leaving our Defence Forces for various reasons, not least the fact that, because they are so well skilled, their skills are very much sought after in the private sector where there are also major skill shortages and labour shortages because of full employment.

When it comes to the issue of pay – I acknowledge that pay is an issue for a lot of members of our Defence Forces – the public sector stability agreement, the deal that we did with ICTU and all the trade unions that covers 300,000 public servants, applies to the Defence Forces as well. That means ongoing pay restoration. For the vast majority of public servants, including the vast majority of people in the Defence Forces, they will have their pay fully restored by October of next year. That is already happening in tranches.

However, the Deputy is asking me to single out one group, the Defence Forces, and fully restore their pay, pensions and allowances before everyone else’s. While that might appeal to me as the Minister for Defence, I could not possibly do that as Taoiseach because that would be totally unfair to all the other public servants—–

Deputy Mattie McGrath (Rural Independent, Co Tipperary)

 

Appoint a Minister.

The Taoiseach and Minister for Defence

 

—–including civil servants, local authority workers, nurses, teachers, doctors, all the people who work in this House and all the people who work in the public service all over the country.

Deputy Barry Cowen (FF Offaly,  Fianna Fáil Front Bench Spokesperson on Public Expenditure and Reform)

 

This situation is a little bit worse (in PDF) than the Garda’s.

Deputy Mattie McGrath(Rural Independent)

 

Get out the violin.

The Taoiseach

 

It would simply be not right or fair to restore Defence Forces pay and pensions fully ahead of everyone else in the public service.

Deputy Bobby Aylward(FF)

 

They were (right and fair) for the teachers and gardaí.

 

The Taoiseach and Minister for Defence

 

Everyone must have restoration happening at the same time. Nor would it be affordable to do what Deputy Healy is asking. The public sector pay bill is nearly €18 billion a year. A 2% increase alone is €360 million. We have heard the advice and the criticisms from the Irish Fiscal Advisory Council telling us that we are increasing spending too fast. The Opposition needs to hear that advice as well. If we are going to listen to that advice and heed it and keep spending increases where they should be at around 4% or 5% per year—–

Deputy Barry Cowen (FF,  Fianna Fáil Front  Bench Spokesperson on Public Expenditure and Reform)

 

The Taoiseach said that everything would come from future revenues.

Deputy Brendan Howlin (Labour Party, Co Wexford)

 

Or by cutting taxes.

The Taoiseach

 

—–we need the Opposition to stop demanding additional spending everyday.

Deputy Barry Cowen (FF)

 

The Government tells us that its overruns will be covered by future revenues.

The Taoiseach

 

The Opposition—–

Deputy Micheál Martin (Leader of Fianna Fáil)

 

The Taoiseach is throwing the kitchen sink at—–

An Ceann Comhairle

 

The Taoiseach without interruption, please.

Deputy Barry Cowen  (FF)

 

The Government’s forecasts are not credible.

The Taoiseach

 

The Opposition has a responsibility as well. Government has heard that message. We are going to heed it. We are going to try to keep spending increases under control—–

Deputy Barry Cowen (FF)

 

The party of fiscal rectitude, of course.

Deputy Micheál Martin (FF Leader))

 

The Government should keep telling itself that.

The Taoiseach and Minister for Defence

 

—–at around 4% or 5% this year.

Deputy Barry Cowen (FF)

 

That is going down well.

The Taoiseach and Minister for Defence

 

We also need the Oireachtas to get that too because we cannot get a budget, Estimates or Supplementary Estimates through, if they are necessary—–

Deputy Brendan Howlin(Labour leader))

 

But there will be €1 billion in tax cuts.

The Taoiseach

 

—–without the support of this House. We also need this House to reorientate its attitude to these things as well and come with us in trying to keep public spending under control.

Deputy Micheál Martin (FF Leader)

 

It is the Government that made all the promises.

Deputy Barry Cowen(FF)

 

Go to Mullingar, never mind Mali.

Deputy Pat Deering (Fine Gael, Carlow-Kilkenny)

 

Does Deputy Cowen remember the Galway tent?

Deputy Barry Cowen(FF)

 

That is gone. This Government will be gone one day, too. It will not hang on as easily as it did last time.

 

Deputy Seamus Healy  (WUAG, Co Tipperary) Replies to Taoiseach

Time and again, we have heard the mantra of the public service pay agreement. It has been repeated ad nauseam this afternoon. I remind the Taoiseach that, in November 2016, the Government gave the average garda an extra €4,000 per annum through an increase in rent allowance and other concessions under a €50 million deal.

I remind the Taoiseach that when he and his Government dealt with the nursing dispute under the public service pay agreement, the nursing recruitment crisis forced them to back down and make significant concessions to nurses in pay and allowances. We have a similar situation in our Defence Forces at present. The Taoiseach has acknowledged the significant difficulties that exist in the Defence Forces. The cases of the gardaí and the nurses offer the Government a clear precedent in dealing with the issues in the Defence Forces. All it takes is political will on the part of the Government to ensure the Defence Forces are properly paid and get their proper allowances. It is a matter of political will for the Government to ensure pay and allowances are restored in full immediately. The Government should do this now.

The Taoiseach and Minister for Defence

 

It is not simply “a matter of political will”. As a Government, we need to see the bigger picture.

Deputy Seamus Healy(WUAG)

 

The Government has done it twice already (for other groups).

 

The Taoiseach

 

There were disputes with the gardaí and two of the nurses’ unions. Those disputes were resolved following negotiations and, in the end, in the Labour Court. In resolving those disputes, we needed to make sure we did not bring down the entire public sector pay agreement. We cannot afford to bring it down. We are trying to resolve the Defence Forces pay dispute. We asked the Public Sector Pay Commission to examine issues like allowances that are specific to the Defence Forces. The commission has reported. We have the report and we will bring it to the Cabinet in the next couple of weeks. I hope that will be adequate to resolve this issue. We cannot provide a fast track to pay restoration and additional allowances to one group of public servants without accepting that it will have a knock-on effect across the board.

Deputy Seamus Healy (WUAG)

 

It was done for two groups already.

The Taoiseach

 

It will have a knock-on effect across the board. The public sector pay bill is €17 billion or €18 billion a year. An increase of 2% across the board would amount to €360 million. That is not something we can afford to do.

Deputy Seamus Healy(WUAG)

 

The Defence Forces are entitled to the same treatment (as the Gardaí and the Nurses).

 

Categories: Uncategorized

United States and Britain Rescued Europe from Hitler’s Nazis. Complete Rubbish!A Capitalist Fairy Tale!

Alban Maginness: Why Red Army’s role in bringing Down the Third Reich must not be overlooked—-Belfast Telegraph

After all, without the Russians there would never have been a successful D-Day landing at all. https://wp.me/pKzXa-1jz

The defeat of the Nazis owes much more to the Soviet Union’s victory at Stalingrad in February 1943.

It is estimated that almost 27 million Russians died in the Second World War. That is a staggering figure compared to the combined losses of the Allies, including Britain, France and the USA.

It is incontrovertible that the defeat of Hitler’s armies in Russia marked the definitive turning point against the Germans in the war.

Without the courage and determination of the Red Army, the Nazis would not have been defeated.

The Allied invasion of France in 1944 was therefore a follow-on from the Soviet victory over the German army.

 

Full Article:  https://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/opinion/columnists/alban-maginness/alban-maginness-why-red-armys-role-in-bringing-down-the-third-reich-must-not-be-overlooked-38209304.html

————————————————————-Germany Was Defeated On The Eastern Front, Not Normandy-Oriental Review

Open Dialogue Research Journal

Fuller Discussion below https://wp.me/pKzXa-1jz

ANGLOSPHERE, COLD WAR 2.0, EUROPE, FRANCE, GERMANY, INFORMATION WARFARE, RUSSIA, THE EPISODES
Germany Was Defeated On The Eastern Front, Not Normandy
Written by Eric MARGOLIS on 10/06/2019

Germany Was Defeated On The Eastern Front, Not Normandy

————————————————————–Russian Army reached Berlin First

1,100,000 Soviet personnel who took part in the capture of Berlin from 22 April to 2 May 1945 were awarded with the Medal “For the Capture of Berlin“. https://wp.me/pKzXa-1jz

Russian Army and East European guerrilla forces including Serbo-Croat Partisans led by Tito had already broken the back of the German Army before D-Day.

From Wilson John Haire on Aubane: 37% of Europe is Russian and the Red Army swept through the whole of Eastern Europe, including
taking Austria. Europe also takes in a large part of Turkey. 51 nations compose Europe. Therefore When Britain claims they liberated Europe they are giving a false impressions.

Russia’s most popular newspaper Komsomolskaya Pravda asked: “Why does the West want everyone to think that their front wasn’t just the second front, but the main one?”. It added that millions of Soviet soldiers had been killed while the USSR was waiting for the US and Britain to open a second western front since 1943

The hope was that leaving the Russians to fight the Nazis alone in Europe for as long as possible would fatally weaken Stalin’s regime (like it had done with the Czar in WW1) and lead to the collapse of Stalinism. It was a spectacular miscalculation.

Discussion on Cedar Lounge Revolution https://wp.me/pKzXa-1jz

Paddy Healy :It has been a good productive discussion despite initial misunderstandings. Read On to the end !!!

yourcousin June 8,2019

Do we really want to draw information from a web site that uses friends of Richard Spencer as sources? I mean we can, but not sure that will end well.

FergusD  June 9 2016

Who is Richard Spencer? Anyway, regardless the data comes from elsewhere and seems genuine. The information about German casualties on the Eastern Front in WW2 are incontrovertible surely? I don’t attribute Soviet success to Stalin, rather despite Stalin and the hideous apparatus. Seems clear though that people in the West have a skewed view of WW2 and this may help facilitate WW3.

Paddy Healy June 9, 2019

I agree Fergus. Stalin showed his real colours in the post war arrangements. He ordered the French an Italian Communists parties, with their strong Résistance credentials, to join capitalist governments. He wanted capitalism stabilised in the big European Capitalist countries. If capitalism had been overthown in these, it would have quickly led to the overthrow of the privileged Russian bureaucracy which he represented. Of course, it was this privileged bureaucracy itself that restored capitalism in Russia eventually. Among other things, they wished to bequeath their property to their offspring. Trotsky,of course, had predicted this in the 20s and thirties.

Worldby Storm  June 10, 2019

Apologies for joining this late but been tied up with other stuff. I think it’s absolutely reasonable that both are seen as pivotal. The contribution of the Soviets – or more particularly their soldiers – was of unquestionable significance – though it’s also worth noting how the bizarre machinations at the point where the Nazi’s invaded the USSR despite the Soviet’s having intelligence about same and Stalin dismissing that intelligence was a massive self-inflicted blow. It’s also important I feel to keep in mind lend-lease and so on to the USSR from 1941 onwards which was also central to the Soviet war effort at a point where it was necessary. Similarly the Eastern front wore away the Nazi regime. That said, the western front was crucial too, functionally the Nazi’s couldn’t fight a war on two fronts (or effectively three given the fact of US/UK etc invasion of North Africa and later Italy). Moreover let’s not underestimate how difficult a channel crossing/invasion was. I’ve read some of the thinking on whether an invasion was possible in 1943 and at a push it might have been, but the means of transporting soldiers to the beaches of Normandy were very limited. A failed invasion then in the West would have been a significant blow to the efforts to push back the Nazi’s.

In other words it’s not all or nothing. D-Day was very important, the Eastern front was very important. North Africa and on to Egypt was very important. All built up into a coherent whole whereby the states involved pushed back against the Nazi’s. Incontrovertibly the Eastern front was key in significantly destroying the Nazi war machine but then again, and more contentiously so was the bombing of Germany by the US/UK, etc. And it’s worth keeping in mind that the Eastern front was a different sort of a war with – frankly, from the Nazi perspective, a racial component (and from the Russian perspective an existential one) almost entirely lacking from the other fronts.

I’d worry that any single element is taken in isolation. D-Day succeeded in no small part because of the pressure on the Nazi’s in the East. The challenge in the East was lessened in 1944 by the pressure in France. But of course the fight up the Italian penninsula and North Africa had also necessitated the stretching of more scant than might be thought Nazi manpower. I don’t believe all the myths around Britain standing alone, but it was an essential component in the push-back bridging the gap in the west until the US was politically able to join the conflict.

I’ve a relative too who fought on the beaches at D-Day and survived. Their contribution, that of the Soviet army soldiers and so on were all in their own way of supreme importance, each piece building up to the successful defeat of the Nazi’s.

Response by Paddy Healy  June 10,2019

D-Day It has been a good productive discussion despite initial misunderstandings. I think this is a balanced summary by WBS:”I’d worry that any single element is taken in isolation. D-Day succeeded in no small part because of the pressure on the Nazi’s in the East. The challenge in the East was lessened in 1944 by the pressure in France. But of course the fight up the Italian penninsula and North Africa had also necessitated the stretching of more scant (resources)than might be thought Nazi manpower. I don’t believe all the myths around Britain standing alone, but it was an essential component in the push-back bridging the gap in the west until the US was politically able to join the conflict.” I know we can’t mention all forces which contributed but I have a soft spot for the Résistance, The Italian Partisans, Tito’s Serbo-Croat guerillas and the greek anti-nazi fighters.
I initiated the discussion sharply in anger at the media attempt to portray the victory over Nazism as a purely US and British affair
I am of an age that it was in the first world war that my uncle and my mothers first cousins fought in the British Army. I think it was YOUR COUSIN who remarked that it was amazing how his uncle and many others retained their caring human approach having participated in such a savage conflict. My ex-BA relatives had the opportunity to serve the Irish people through membership of the IRA in the war of independence. The military training and war experience they received in the British Army was invaluable in training raw recruits to the IRA. Is olc an ghaoth ná séideann maitheas do dhuine éigin !!!!! Thanks to all for the constructive discussion.

 


WHAT WERE THE RUSSIANS DOING ON D-DAY?

 WELL HERE’S WHAT!

– A Facebook post by Seamus Martin, former ‘Irish Times’ correspondent in the USSR and Russia:  https://wp.me/pKzXa-1jz

It has been sad to see the bickering between the West and Russia on the 75th Anniversary of D Day.  Back in 1944 they were allies in the fight against Hitler and although Soviet Forces were not involved in the Normandy Landings they were busy elsewhere. In fact they were very busy indeed.

I have a personal interest in the matter as I knew some of the Soviet veterans of the conflict when I lived in Moscow as the correspondent of the Irish Times.  Some 26 million Soviet citizens lost their lives in that war. In the siege of Leningrad alone more people died than the combined fatal casualties of the United States and the United Kingdom for the entire war.

 

Of the young men born in 1922 and 1923 who fought in that war, 97% lost their lives. One of the three percent who survived was Yuri Vyzun who fought at Stalingrad, at the huge tank battle of Kursk which was probably the real turning point of the war and who fought street-by-street and house-by-house in the capture of Berlin in 1945. He arrived outside the Reich’s Chancellery in time to see the body of Joseph Goebbels lying in a bomb crater.

 

Much has been made of the mass rape of German women by Soviet troops at that time and there is no doubt that  these horrible events took place but I couldn’t bring myself to include Yuri in that category when I met him in his apartment in suburban Moscow. He was devoid of braggadocio, it took me some time to convince him to wear his war medals for a photograph and he was far more interested in showing me pictures of his four grandchildren than talking about his exploits in Stalingrad or Berlin.

 

My estimation of his character was borne out later by the eminent historian Antony Beevor who, in the introduction to his definitive history of the fall of Berlin, wrote: “One important lesson is that one should be extremely wary of any generalization concerning the conduct of individuals. Extremes of human suffering and even degradation can bring out the best as well as the worst in human nature. Human behaviour to a large extent mirrors the utter unpredictability of life or death. Many Soviet troops, especially in the frontline formations, unlike those who came behind, often behaved with great kindness to German civilians……..”

 

Yuri served in one of those frontline formations.  He spoke well of the allies from other countries especially the Americans after the German capital had been divided into US, British, French and Soviet Zones. “If one of our fellows got drunk and strayed into the American sector he would be well looked after. They called all of us “Ivan” or “Comrade” and they would make sure the offender would get back safely into the Soviet sector.”

As for the British, the class system was particularly evident. “The soldiers were good to us but their officers treated us like dirt.”

 

Yuri didn’t take part in the great parade in Red Square on the 50th Anniversary of Victory in Europe in 1995.  He had become disillusioned with those who came to power in his country and described himself as an “anti-communist” but the real reason he stayed away from the ceremony was: “It’s just that I can’t march well any more”.

 

His disillusionment with the system began with Leonid Brezhnev’s writings on the battle of Stalingrad. “He was claiming all sorts of things mainly trying to show himself in a good light. But I was there so I knew his claims were wrong.”

 

Like many of his comrades in arms he had also been a comrade in the Communist Party of the Soviet Union but he resigned his membership after the storming of the TV Tower by special forces in Vilnius, Lithuania, in 1990.

 

“We discovered that our system had been close in some ways to the Fascists we defeated but I am still proud we defeated the Fascists”.  It is a chastening thought that I am now older than Yuri was when I met him in 1995 and I imagine he has since died.

 

I know that another veteran I met died in the first year of this new century. Her name was Valentina Flegontovna Kravchenko and her apartment was closer to the centre of Moscow than Yuri’s. Many women of her age decorated their flats with the holy icons of the Russian Orthodox Church but Valentina did not. The walls of her little place  bore photographs of warplanes. Valentina had been a bomber pilot.  She served in an Air Force regiment that was entirely female from its Commander Marina Raskova through to the pilots to the mechanics and those who worked in the kitchens.

 

Valentina was shot down twice and made her way back through enemy lines to her unit in order to fight on. Unlike Yuri she had remained loyal to the old regime and held Boris Yeltsin in contempt as a traitor to the cause.

 

Further north as that 50th anniversary drew near I visited groups of young Russians at a place called Myasnoy Bor near the ancient city of Novgorod. They were digging for the bodies of soldiers who had been trapped in the swamplands by the advancing Germans. A young woman told me: “I might find someone else’s grandfather and someone else might find mine.”

One of the things they found in one of the little bakelite cylinders worn by Russian soldiers instead of “dogtags” was a short letter. It read:

“TO DEAR MARFUSHKA AND MY SONS VOLODYA AND VITYA.  LIVE HAPPILY WITHOUT ME.  I DIE IN AWFUL SUFFERING, REMEMBERING THE LIFE I HAVE LIVED FOR 27 YEARS- BLINOV, TIKHON ANDREYEVICH.”

 

When I returned from Myasnoy Bor my landlady Marina Ivanovna told me her own story of the war although she was not old enough to be a combatant. “My mother had died before the war started. We lived in a village in Western Russia and knew that the Germans would reach us very quickly after they invaded. My father called us together and told us that since our house was the biggest in the village the Germans would make it their headquarters. So we burned our house down and joined the partisans in the forests.”

 

It struck me that Mr. Hitler was a very silly man to take on people who would burn down their own house and it seems that my view was shared by Field Marshal Montgomery.

 

In a memorable statement to the House of Lords on May 30th 1963 he said:

“THE FIRST RULE ON THE FIRST PAGE OF THE BOOK OF WAR IS -DO NOT MARCH ON MOSCOW.

VARIOUS PEOPLE HAVE TRIED IT, NAPOLEON AND HITLER, AND IT IS NO GOOD. THAT IS THE FIRST RULE.”

——————————————————————-D-Day

The Normandy landings were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II. Codenamed Operation Neptune and often referred to as D-Day, it was the largest seaborne invasion in history. The operation began the liberation of German-occupied France (and later western Europe) from Nazi control, and laid the foundations of the Allied victory on the Western Front. (after Germany had been defeated on the Eastern Front-PH)

Why does Russia see D-Day differently to the West?

Analysis by Steve Rosenberg, BBC News, Moscow

When countries argue about the present, they often disagree about the past, too. Take D-Day – British Prime Minister Theresa May called it the day that “determined the fate of generations to come”. But Russia’s Foreign Ministry sees things rather differently.

“The Normandy landings did not have a decisive impact on the outcome of World War Two,” said its spokesperson Maria Zakharova this week. “It was inevitable after the Red Army victories at Stalingrad and Kursk.”

Russia’s most popular newspaper Komsomolskaya Pravda asked: “Why does the West want everyone to think that their front wasn’t just the second front, but the main one?”. It added that millions of Soviet soldiers had been killed while the USSR was waiting for the Allies to open the second front.

Perhaps if President Putin had been invited to join the D-Day commemorations in Normandy, Russia’s viewpoint might be more positive.

One Russian TV presenter declared: “There wouldn’t even have been a Normandy landing if it hadn’t been for the Soviet soldiers who’d died from 1941 onwards in the fight against fascism.”

Moscow had been fighting German forces in the east for almost three years by the time of the D-Day operations that ultimately led to the liberation of Western Europe from Nazi Germany.

Russia lost more than 25 million lives in what it calls the Great Patriotic War – more than any other nation. The country holds a massive military parade every year to commemorate the anniversary of the end of World War Two and remember the role of Soviet troops.

 

4 July 1945

U.S. troops occupying Berlin. The army of the Soviet Union conquered Berlin in April/May 1945. Two months later the Western Allied troops also entered the city. On 4 July 1945, the AmericanIndependence Day, U.S. troops officially took charge of their occupation sector in southwest Berlin.

Allies suffered 10,000 total casualties on D-Day itself

THE Long  Foundation’s list isn’t complete, but says that it’s the best figure that we have to date. Of the 4,414 Allied deaths on June 6th, 2,501 were Americans and 1,913 were Allies. If the figure sounds low, Long says, it’s probably because we’re used to seeing estimates of the total number of D-Day casualties, which includes fatalities, the wounded and the missing.

While casualty figures are notoriously difficult to verify—not all wounded soldiers are counted, for example—the accepted estimate is that the Allies suffered 10,000 total casualties on D-Day itself. The highest casualties occurred on Omaha beach, where 2,000 U.S. troops were killed, wounded or went missing; at Sword Beach and Gold Beach, where 2,000 British troops were killed, wounded or went missing; and at Juno beach, where 340 Canadian soldiers were killed and another 574 wounded.

 

Wikipedia

Battle of Berlin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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For the RAF bombing campaign, see Battle of Berlin (air).

Battle of Berlin
Part of the Eastern Front of World War II
The Brandenburg Gate amid the ruins of Berlin, June 1945
Date 16 April – 2 May 1945
(2 weeks and 2 days)
Location BerlinGermany
52°31′N 13°23′ECoordinates52°31′N 13°23′E
Result Soviet victory

·         Suicide of Adolf Hitler and deaths of other high-ranking Nazi officials

·         Unconditional surrender of the Berlin city garrison on 2 May

·         Capitulation of German forces still fighting the battle outside Berlin on 8/9 May, following the unconditional surrender of all German forces

·         End of World War II in Europe and the destruction of Nazi Germany

Territorial
changes
Soviets occupy what would become East Germany during the Partition of Germanylater that year.
Belligerents
·          Soviet Union

·          Poland

 Germany
Commanders and leaders
Joseph Stalin·         1st Belorussian Front:

·         Georgy Zhukov

2nd Belorussian Front:

·         Konstantin Rokossovsky

1st Ukrainian Front:

·         Ivan Konev

Adolf Hitler ·         Army Group Vistula:

·         Gotthard Heinrici

·         Kurt von Tippelskirch [a]

Army Group Centre:

·         Ferdinand Schörner

Berlin Defence Area:

·         Hellmuth Reymann

·         Helmuth Weidling [b]

·         Rudolf Sieckenius 

·         Robert Ritter von Greim

Strength
·         Total strength:

o    2,300,000 soldiers (+155,900–200,000
Polish Army in the East)[1][2]

·         6,250 tanks and SP guns[2]

·         7,500 aircraft[2]

·         41,600 artillery pieces.[3][4]

·         For the investment and assault on the Berlin Defence Area: about 1,500,000 soldiers[5]

·         Total strength:

·         36 divisions[6]

·         766,750 soldiers[7]

·         1,519 AFVs[8]

·         2,224 aircraft[9]

·         9,303 artillery pieces[7][c]

·         In the Berlin Defence Area: about 45,000 soldiers, supplemented by the police force, Hitler Youth, and 40,000 Volkssturm[5][d]

Casualties and losses
·         Archival research
(operational total)·         81,116 dead or missing[10]·         280,251 sick or wounded·         1,997 tanks and SPGs destroyed[11]·         2,108 artillery pieces·         917 aircraft[11]
·         Estimated:
92,000–100,000 killed·         220,000 wounded[12][e]·         480,000 captured[13]·         Inside Berlin Defence Area:·         about 22,000 military dead·         22,000 civilian dead[14]

 

show

·         v

·         t

·         e

Eastern Front

show

·         v

·         t

·         e

Berlin Offensive

 

Part of a series on the
History of Berlin
Margraviate of Brandenburg (1157–1806)
Kingdom of Prussia (1701–1918)
German Empire (1871–1918)
Free State of Prussia (1918–1947)
Weimar Republic (1919–1933)
·         1920s Berlin

·         Greater Berlin Act

Nazi Germany (1933–1945)
·         Welthauptstadt Germania

·         Bombing of Berlin in World War II

·         Battle of Berlin

West Germany and East Germany (1945–1990)
·         West Berlin and East Berlin

·         Berlin Wall

·         Berlin Blockade (1948–1949)

·         Berlin Crisis of 1961

·         “Ich bin ein Berliner” (1963)

·         “Tear Down This Wall” (1987)

Federal Republic of Germany(1990–present)
·         History of Germany and History of Europe
See also
·         Timeline of Berlin
·         v

·         t

·         e

The Battle of Berlin, designated the Berlin Strategic Offensive Operation by the Soviet Union, and also known as the Fall of Berlin, was one of the last major offensives of the European theatre of World War II.[f]

Following the Vistula–Oder Offensive of January–February 1945, the Red Army had temporarily halted on a line 60 km (37 mi) east of Berlin. On 9 March, Germany established its defence plan for the city with Operation Clausewitz. The first defensive preparations at the outskirts of Berlin were made on 20 March, under the newly appointed commander of Army Group Vistula, General Gotthard Heinrici.

When the Soviet offensive resumed on 16 April, two Soviet fronts (army groups) attacked Berlin from the east and south, while a third overran German forces positioned north of Berlin. Before the main battle in Berlin commenced, the Red Army encircled the city after successful battles of the Seelow Heights and Halbe. On 20 April 1945, Hitler’s birthday, the 1st Belorussian Frontled by Marshal Georgy Zhukov, advancing from the east and north, started shelling Berlin’s city centre, while Marshal Ivan Konev‘s 1st Ukrainian Front broke through Army Group Centre and advanced towards the southern suburbs of Berlin. On 23 April General Helmuth Weidlingassumed command of the forces within Berlin. The garrison consisted of several depleted and disorganised Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS divisions, along with poorly trained Volkssturm and Hitler Youth members. Over the course of the next week, the Red Army gradually took the entire city.

On April 30th, Hitler committed suicide (with several of his officials also committing suicide shortly afterwards). The city’s garrison surrendered on 2 May but fighting continued to the north-west, west, and south-west of the city until the end of the war in Europe on 8 May (9 May in the Soviet Union) as some German units fought westward so that they could surrender to the Western Allies rather than to the Soviets.[15]

 

Second Front. In November, 1943, Joseph Stalin, Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt met together in Teheran, Iran, to discuss military strategy and post-warEurope. Ever since the Soviet Union had entered the war, Stalin had been demanding that the Allies open-up asecond front in Europe.

Second FrontIn November, 1943, Joseph StalinWinston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt met together in Teheran, Iran, to discuss military strategy and post-war Europe. Ever since the Soviet Union had entered the war, Stalin had been demanding that the Allies open-up a second front in Europe. Churchill and Roosevelt argued that any attempt to land troops in Western Europe would result in heavy casualties. Until the Soviet’s victory at Stalingrad in January, 1943, Stalin had feared that without a second front, Germany would defeat them.

Stalin, who always favoured in offensive strategy, believed that there were political, as well as military reasons for the Allies’ failure to open up a second front in Europe. Stalin was still highly suspicious of Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt and was worried about them signing a peace agreement with Adolf Hitler. The foreign policies of the capitalist countries since the October Revolution had convinced Stalin that their main objective was the destruction of the communist system in the Soviet Union. Stalin was fully aware that if Britain and the USA withdrew from the war, the Red Army would have great difficulty in dealing with Germany on its own.

Categories: Uncategorized

European Elections 2019

Ireland South Constituency  European Election

Deirdre Clune (nee Barry) Has lost her European Seat. The sitting MEP will not be present when the newly elected EU Parliament convenes. She will only join the European Parliament if and when the United Kindom leaves the EU. RTE continually streamed that Grace O’Sullivan and Deirdre Clune had been elected. This is grossly misleading.

https://wp.me/pKzXa-1iu

Desperate attempts were made by Fine Gael HQ to ensure the election of sitting MEP Deirdre Clune in the final days of the election. This included assigning the Fine Gael vote in Counties Tipperary and Limerick exclusively to Deirdre Clune.  But these attempts have failed

——————————————————————————–                                                            Further Desperate Attempt to Save FG Euro Seat of Deirdre Clune(nee Barry)       The Other Two FG Candidates, Sean Kelly MEP (Kerry) and Andrew Doyle TD (Wicklow) have been Banned from Limerick and Tipperary By Director of Elections. But Doyle Refuses to Obey.  https://wp.me/pKzXa-1iu

FG Bid to save 2 Seats in Ireland South
Daniel McConnell  
Political Editor, Irish Examiner Wednesday, May 22,

Fine Gael is deeply divided after it was forced to “revise” its division of the Ireland South constituency in order to bolster MEP Deirdre Clune’s flagging campaign, just 48 hours before polling.

Letters issued in parts of the vast constituency by Director of Elections Regina Doherty have called on voters in Limerick and Tipperary to give Ms Clune their number 1 votes in order to ensure Fine Gael keeps its two seats in the European Parliament.

Ms Doherty’s letter called on voters in the city to vote for Ms Clune ahead of her party colleagues Sean Kelly, who is all but assured of a seat and junior agriculture minister Andrew Doyle, who is seen as a sweeper in Leinster.0 But Mr Doyle and his camp are furious at the diktat, which they say was issued “without any consultation.”

Pat Deering, TD for Carlow-Kilkenny, and Mr Doyle’s campaign manager told the Irish Examiner that the team is “very disappointed” with the letter issued by Ms Doherty, which was done as part of a protectionist policy to benefit the two sitting MEPs.

“If they wanted to protect the two candidates, then why run three. This is very disappointing, we were not consulted and I tell you what, we will be going into Tipperary and Limerick tomorrow,” he said.

 

 

—————————————————————-May 19   Deirdre Clune (nee Barry) FG MEP  Down to 7% in Red C Poll-Mick Wallace on 8%,  O’Sullivan Green also on 8% !!!

https://wp.me/pKzXa-1iu

Desperate Attempt to save seat of Deirdre Clune (nee Barry) FG MEP Continues but seems to be failing. Two other FG Candidates were Banned from FG’s Cork  Euro Hustings. Last Week MRBI Irish Times Ireland South Poll FG Candidates:  Kelly 18%, Clune 10%, Doyle 9%

Irish Examiner Tuesday, May 14, 2019  https://wp.me/pKzXa-1iu

Fine Gael has banned a second party candidate from taking part in the Irish Examiner European election debate in Cork amid fears that their involvement could damage sitting MEP Deirdre Clune’s re-election chances. Kerry-based MEP Sean Kelly confirmed that he has been told not to attend the public meeting.Last weekend, Wicklow-based Andrew Doyle said he had been barred from taking part in the event.

——————————————————————————-Wicklow FG Candidate Excluded From FG Cork Euro Launch in Desperate Bid To Save the Seat Of Cork’s Deirdre Clune (nee Barry) MEP

Irish Examiner   Saturday, May 11, 2019 – 06:45 AM  https://wp.me/pKzXa-1iu

A major row has erupted within Fine Gael after junior minister Andrew Doyle was ordered not to attend a hustings event next week, after previously being told he could go.

Mr Doyle, a Wicklow-based TD and junior agriculture minister, and his campaign director Pat Deering, TD for Carlow- Kilkenny, have hit out at Justice Minister Charlie Flanagan, who has issued an order that he does not appear at the Irish Examiner event in Cork next Thursday night.

Treat Irish Times MRBI Euro-Poll with Caution!

Ireland South    https://wp.me/pKzXa-1iu

Infamously, Conor Cruise O’Brien commented on the transfer of a number of votes from a H-block hunger striker to Minister Paddy Cooney (FG), scourge of the IRA. Conor thought it was an example of the insanity/irrationality of the mere Irish. It would not have occurred to CCO’B that there was method in the “madness” of the supporters of the hunger striker. As there was no republican candidate to whom votes could be transferred you might as well keep a minister in your own area. Why? To ensure that the area would not be overlooked in the matters of public services, capital investment, location of multi-national companies etc. Clientelism is a huge factor in Irish electoral politics and PR enables strategic voting to take that factor into account.

Ireland South   (4 or 5 seats):

Kelly* (FG) 18  Kerry
Ní Ríada* (SF) 14  Cork
Kelleher (FF) 13     Cork
Clune* (FG) 10   Cork
Byrne (FF) 10  Wexford
Doyle (FG) 9  Wicklow
Wallace (I4C) 8  WexFord
Nunan (Lab) 5  Dublin (Kerry Background)
O’Sullivan (GP) 5     Waterford-Tramore
Gardner (Ind) 2  Kilkenny

No candidate from Limerick or Clare or Laois or Offally

No candidate above 1 % in Tipperary or Carlow

others all 1% or lower

https://www.laoistoday.ie/2019/04/16/confirmed-the-full-list-of-european-election-candidates-in-the-ireland-south-area/     and their places of residence

Earlier on CLR I said: Treat Irish Times Euro-Poll with Caution
1. low 500 sample   MOE 4.4 %
2. Poll for Persons not parties -favours high name recognition candidates-discriminates more than normal party polls against pocketed(localised) and therefore independent candidates
3. 12% + or – 4.4% for a candidate is much more uncertain for example than FF 25% + or – 3.3% in a party poll

Fine Gael Total       18+10+9= 37%

Does this mean that FG are on 37%? NO!

Sean Kelly on  18% is certain to be elected. There is no other KERRY CANDIDATE! Many Kerry supporters of  FF and  Other Parties will vote for Kelly to ensure that Kerry’s interests are “looked after”. There is no candidate at all from Limerick or Clare! These counties are politically closer to Kerry rather than to Munster rivals Cork. Many Limerick and Clare supporters of FF and other parties will vote for Kelly. Limerick and Clare Fine Gael supporters are much more likely to vote for Kelly than for Cork’s Deirdre Clune or Wicklow’s Andy Doyle! I wouldn’t be surprised if he secured  more votes than the 18% he got in the MRBI POLL.  The downside of this is that if he gets a surplus there will be significant leakage to other parties on its distribution!

Minister of State, Andy Doyle (FG) is the only Wicklow candidate. As such his 9% in the poll may be carrying many non-Fine Gael  Eastern regional votes. Although Deirdre Clune (nee Barry) is only on 10%, it is likely that she will be ahead of Doyle on late counts as County Cork has a very large population and there are many minor Cork-based candidates to be eliminated.  But it remains to be seen whether the leakage from Kelly’s Surplus Distribution  and Doyle’s transfers ensures she is not elected particularly in a 4 seats only scenario. On the other hand, her lack of name recognition across the 12 counties and consequent pocketing of her vote in Cork City and County, may mean that the 10% she has received in the MRBI Poll underestimates her actual support. She should definitely be elected in a 5 seat scenario.

 

 

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Nationalists To Become Majority in Six Counties-Shifting Demographics

April 30, 2019 Leave a comment

See Full ARTICLE  Further Down: ‘Catholic majority possible’ in NI by 2021—-BBC NI

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Belfast Irish News 30 April, 2019
“THE religious divide in schools in NI is at its widest ever with the number of Catholic children at an all all-time high.       https://wp.me/pKzXa-1hW
Official government figures also reveal the percentage of pupils who identify as Protestant is plummeting. There are now more Catholic children at nursery, primary, secondary, grammar and special schools.On school census day this year there were 175,617 Catholic pupils – 50.7 per cent of all enrolments. It is the first time this figure has topped 175,000. There were 114,314 Protestant children – 33 per cent – while 56,408 identified as `other’.”-Irish News

William Considine on Facebook;  In NI, religion is more than religion. These figures show how the plantation of Ulster is unraveling.

Jim O’Donnell on FB;

Will this be basis for the New Republic?
Paddy Healy; William Considine is correct. Religion and even religious background in the six counties is a badge of ethnicity and political allegiance. The British maintained the Protestant/Unionists as an upper caste to control that part of the empire for them and to prevent the emergence of a strong united Ireland next door.. To do this under the cloak of democracy the upper caste had to be a local majority. That is why 3 Ulster counties were excluded from “Northern Ireland” in the Treaty Settlement. These school going figures are regarded as extremely serious by the ruling elites in UK and the 26-cuunties. In an Irish Times article which called for a”calm debate” some years ago, it also pointed out:”In total, therefore in 2010, at third level there are 20,995 students (59.3 per cent) from a Catholic background and 14,410 (40.7 per cent) from a Protestant background. This is in addition to the figures above. Nationalists/Catholics are in a majority in Queens and New University of Ulster. Many Unionist/Protestant 3rd level students are studying in Scotland and UK. A significant portion are not returning. Jim O’Donnell asks “will this be the basis for a United Ireland?” For to-day, i will just comment that it was the mainly Catholic Irish Rich who crushed the risen people in the civil war!
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‘Catholic majority possible’ in NI by 2021—-BBC  https://wp.me/pKzXa-1hW

“The difference is even more marked among schoolchildren with 51% Catholic, 37% Protestant.

Only among the over 60s is there a majority of Protestants with 57%, compared to Catholics on 35%.”

 

By Gareth GordonBBC News NI Political Correspondent, 19 April 2018 Demographics are shifting in Northern Ireland

It is likely Catholics will outnumber Protestants by 2021 in Northern Ireland, according to a leading academic.

Dr Paul Nolan, who specialises in monitoring the peace process and social trends, told BBC News NI that there could be more Catholics than Protestants in Northern Ireland by the centenary of the foundation of the state.

However, he says unionists should not be too alarmed because you cannot necessarily equate being a Catholic with supporting a united Ireland.

nsus figures in 2011 showed a narrowing gap in the population

The last census in 2011 put the Protestant population at 48%, just 3% more than Catholics at 45%.

More recent figures from 2016 show that among those of working age 44% are now Catholic and 40% Protestant.

Figures from 2016 of working age population

The difference is even more marked among schoolchildren with 51% Catholic, 37% Protestant.

Only among the over 60s is there a majority of Protestants with 57%, compared to Catholics on 35%.

Dr Nolan said: “Three years from now we will end up, I think, in the ironic situation on the centenary of the state where we actually have a state that has a Catholic majority.”

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Looking at the last census in 2011, Mr Nolan points out although 45% identified as being from a Catholic background, only 25% claimed an exclusively Irish identity.

Image captionFigures among school-age children are more clear

He said: “The future of unionism depends entirely upon one thing – and I mean unionism with a small ‘u’ – it depends on winning the support of people who do not regard themselves to be unionists with a capital ‘U’.

“In other words people who do not identify with the traditional trappings of unionism; people who would give their support for a UK government framework and that’s a sizeable proportion of Catholics provided they are not alienated by any form of triumphalism or anything that seems to be a rejection of their cultural identity as nationalists.”

What’s next?

It is likely there will be “more examination of what a United Ireland might mean,” according to Dr Nolan.

“Does it mean one parliament in Dublin or two parliaments? One in Belfast and one in Dublin?

“I think the more that gets unpacked, the more opinion will move back and forward. Its not going to go just in one direction.

Dr Nolan warns not to rely too heavily on polls for an indication on support for a united Ireland

Dismissing opinion polls declaring support for a united Ireland, Dr Nolan says the polls ask the wrong question.

“If we got to the situation where people go into a polling booth and have to put the mark against a united Ireland, it’s very hard for anyone to predict it. Just ask Hillary Clinton, ask David Cameron, ask Theresa May: were they right to put their faith in the opinion polls? I don’t think so.”

Meanwhile the Sinn Féin President Mary Lou McDonald responded to the DUP leader Arlene Foster saying she would “probably” leave in the event of a united Ireland.

Ms McDonald told BBC News NI: “Of course unionists have to be at home in a new Ireland. It has to be as much a home for Arlene Foster and her family as for mine.

“So, yes, let’s have the discussion.

“As far as I’m concerned nothing is taboo. Let’s talk about the flag, let’s talk about the anthem, let’s talk about every nuance and every aspect of Irish life north and south.”

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Fight The Far Right

March 27, 2019 Leave a comment

I abhor the scapegoating of the weak including immigrants and travellers. Scapegoating the weak covers up for the monstrous savagery of the Irish Government and the Irish Super Rich.

I am also very seriously concerned that hate posts may incite some people to commit savage acts of violence such as have happened in other countries

I have therefore  cut all associations with the following facebook sites: Gemma O’Doherty; Stand and Unite: Anti-Corruption Ireland

The 78,000 Irish millionaires and billionaires have massive wealth of at least 230 billion Euro and 3000 extra people have joined the club in the past year alone. Government is refusing to tax this wealth in order to solve the housing and health crises and other austerity issues.


Christchurch Massacre Exposes Social Media Monster-Justine McCarthy, Sunday Times, March 24, 2019

Extracts:  https://wp.me/pKzXa-1gl

Gemma O’Doherty, a former Irish Independent Features writer posted on Facebook: “New Zealand has all the hallmarks of a classic false flag operation to incite fresh ISIS attacks, create chaos and fear, allow the globalists to take control over people and remove freedoms a la 9/11 . A professional job”

Seamus Healy TD (Tipperary): “Outrageous post. No credibility left.”

Catherine Connolly TD (Galway): “” Shocking and unacceptable post”

Tommy Broughan TD (Dublin Bay North): “I am standing in solidarity with the victims in New Zealand

Cllr Eilish Ryan (Dublin): “O’Doherty’s populism has been a concern for some time. This is a new low.”

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